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dc.contributor.authorStott, Clifforden_UK
dc.contributor.authorAdang, Ottoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLivingstone, Andrew Gen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSchreiber, Martinaen_UK
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents an analysis of collective behaviour among England football fans attending the European football championships in Portugal (Euro2004). Given this category's violent reputation, a key goal was to explore the processes underlying their apparent shift away from conflict in match cities. Drawing from the elaborated social identity model of crowd behaviour (ESIM) data were obtained using semi-structured observations and interviews before, during and after the tournament. Qualitative analysis centres first on three key incidents in match cities where the potential for violence was undermined either by ‘self-policing' among England fans, or by appropriately targeted police intervention. These are contrasted with two 'riots' involving England fans that occurred in Algarve during the tournament. A phenomenological analysis of England fans' accounts suggests that the contexts created by different forms of policing helped bring to the fore different understandings of what constituted proper and possible behaviour among England fans, and that these changes in identity content underpinned shifts toward and away from collective conflict. The implications of this analysis for the ESIM, understanding public order policing, social change and social conflict are discussed.en_UK
dc.relationStott C, Adang O, Livingstone AG & Schreiber M (2007) Variability in the collective behaviour of England fans at Euro2004: 'Hooliganism', public order policing and social change. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37 (1), pp. 75-100.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleVariability in the collective behaviour of England fans at Euro2004: 'Hooliganism', public order policing and social changeen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Stott et al_ EJSP_2007.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleEuropean Journal of Social Psychologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpoolen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPolice Academy of the Netherlandsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpoolen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorStott, Clifford|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAdang, Otto|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLivingstone, Andrew G|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSchreiber, Martina|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameStott et al_ EJSP_2007.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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