Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/9063
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The consequences of encoding information on the maintenance of internally generated images and thoughts: The role of meaning complexes
Authors: Smallwood, Jonathan
O'Connor, Rory
Sudbery, Megan V
Haskell, Crystal
Ballantyne, Carrie
Contact Email: rory.oconnor@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: Dec-2004
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Smallwood J, O'Connor R, Sudbery MV, Haskell C & Ballantyne C (2004) The consequences of encoding information on the maintenance of internally generated images and thoughts: The role of meaning complexes, Consciousness and Cognition, 13 (4), pp. 789-820.
Abstract: Three experiments investigated the hypothesis that internally generated images and thoughts were driven by meaning complexes, a construct which reflects a synthesis of semantic meaning and personal salience (Klinger, 1999). Experiments 1 and 2 contrasted the mutual inhibition between encoding words and non-words on: (i) the frequency that thoughts and images unrelated to the task (task unrelated thought, TUT) were experienced (Experiment 1) and (ii) on the intensity of images generated from long-term memory and maintained under dual task conditions, which whilst familiar were not of particular personal salience (Experiment 2). Experiment 3 examined the physiological arousal associated with the experience of TUT in a semantic encoding task. Evidence suggested that, in general, internally generated images and thoughts, irrespective of the personal salience, were suppressed by the co-ordination of information in working memory. In addition, only the experience of spontaneous images and thoughts of personal salience (TUT, Experiments 1 and 3) interfered reliably with the encoding/retrieval of semantic information from memory. Finally, in Experiment 3, physiological arousal, as indexed by mean heart rate, was associated with a high frequency of TUT. The results of all three experiments support the notion that the maintenance of spontaneously occurring images and thoughts is simultaneously influenced by both the semantic content and the personal salience of the information held in working memory.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/9063
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2004.07.004
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Glasgow Caledonian University
Psychology
University of Strathclyde
University of Strathclyde
University of Stirling

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