Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/9053
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Usage and comprehension of manual gestures in wild chimpanzees
Authors: Roberts, Anna Ilona
Vick, Sarah-Jane
Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M
Contact Email: sv2@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: chimpanzee
communication
contextual comprehension
gesture
gesture meaning
great ape
intentionality
manual gesture
Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii
semantic comprehension
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Roberts AI, Vick S & Buchanan-Smith HM (2012) Usage and comprehension of manual gestures in wild chimpanzees , Animal Behaviour, 84 (2), pp. 459-470.
Abstract: Flexibility is considered a defining feature of great ape gestural communication. Previous research has suggested that there is a 'means-ends' dissociation between gesture type and context, whereby one signal may be used across contexts and several signals used within the same context. Such flexibility in signal production demands contextual comprehension, whereby recipients may perceive the context-free message of a given manual gesture, but also decide how to respond by inferring the signaller's goals from the accompanying context. We conducted naturalistic observations of wild East African chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, manual gestures, focusing on recipient perspective- during communicative interactions. Our results indicate that chimpanzees recognize the context-free meanings of gestures and they are also able to respond flexibly by inferring the meaning from the combination of gesture and context, including relative rank. When analysed at the level of gesture type, some gestures were tightly associated with dominant responses and outcomes. Chimpanzee manual gestures are primarily used for directing a recipient's movement or attention but the motivation underlying these gestural requests is inferred by the recipient from the context.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/9053
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.05.022
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Stirling
Psychology
Psychology

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