|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: The role of health-related behavior and social support|
Hughes, Brian M
Johnston, Derek W
Hay, Julia L
O'Connor, Daryl B
Lewis, Christopher A
Grealy, Madeleine A
Type D personality
|Citation:||Williams L, O'Connor R, Howard S, Hughes BM, Johnston DW, Hay JL, O'Connor DB, Lewis CA, Ferguson E, Sheehy N, Grealy MA & O'Carroll R (2008) Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: The role of health-related behavior and social support, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64 (1), pp. 63-69.|
|Abstract:||Objective: To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism. Results: The prevalence of type-D, was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism. Conclusion: These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.|
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