Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/872
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Fuel resource utilisation in landscapes of settlement
Authors: Simpson, Ian
Vésteinsson, Orri
Adderley, W Paul
McGovern, Thomas H
Contact Email: i.a.simpson@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Traditional fuel use
Settlement landscapes
Thin section micromorphology
Image analyses
Historical ecology
Iceland
North Atlantic region
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Simpson I, Vésteinsson O, Adderley WP & McGovern TH (2003) Fuel resource utilisation in landscapes of settlement, Journal of Archaeological Science, 30 (11), pp. 1401-1420.
Abstract: One little understood aspect of the settlement and colonisation of Iceland is fuel resource use. In this paper we identify fuel ash residues from temporally constrained middens at two contrasting settlement age sites in Mývatnssveit, northern Iceland, one high status, the other low status and ultimately abandoned. Fuel residues derived from experimental combustion of historically defined fuel resources are used to provide control for thin section micromorphology and complementary image analyses of fuel residue materials found in the midden deposits. The results suggest that fuel resources utilised at the time of settlement were for both low temperature and high temperature use, and included a mix of birch and willow wood, peat, mineral-based turf and cow dung. There are, however, marked variations in the mix of fuel resources utilised at the two sites. This is considered to reflect social regulation of fuel resources and socially driven changes to local and regional environments that may have contributed to the success or failure of early settlement sites in Iceland.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/872
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054403
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4403(03)00035-9
Rights: Published in Journal of Archaeological Science by Elsevier.
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
Institute of Archaeology, Iceland
Biological and Environmental Sciences
City University of New York

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