Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7284

Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production
Authors: Whitehorn, Penelope R
O'Connor, Stephanie
Wackers, Felix L
Goulson, Dave
Contact Email: dave.goulson@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: 20-Apr-2012
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Whitehorn PR, O'Connor S, Wackers FL & Goulson D (2012) Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production, Science, 336 (6079), pp. 351-352.
Abstract: Growing evidence for declines in bee populations has caused great concern because of the valuable ecosystem services they provide. Neonicotinoid insecticides have been implicated in these declines because they occur at trace levels in the nectar and pollen of crop plants. We exposed colonies of the bumble bee Bombus terrestris in the laboratory to field-realistic levels of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid, then allowed them to develop naturally under field conditions. Treated colonies had a significantly reduced growth rate and suffered an 85% reduction in production of new queens compared with control colonies. Given the scale of use of neonicotinoids, we suggest that they may be having a considerable negative impact on wild bumble bee populations across the developed world.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7284
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1215025
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Lancaster University
Biological and Environmental Sciences

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