Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/700

Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Predicting hopelessness: the interaction between optimism/pessimism and specific future expectancies
Authors: O'Connor, Rory
Cassidy, Clare
Contact Email: ro2@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Optimism
Pessimism
Future thinking
Hopelessness
Dysphoria
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: O'Connor R & Cassidy C (2007) Predicting hopelessness: the interaction between optimism/pessimism and specific future expectancies, Cognition and Emotion, 21 (3), pp. 596-613.
Abstract: Improving our understanding of hopelessness is central to suicide prevention. This is the first study to investigate whether generalized expectancies for the future (optimism/pessimism) and specific future-oriented cognitions (future thinking) interact to predict hopelessness and dysphoria. To this end, participants completed measures of future thinking, optimism/pessimism and affect at Time 1 and measures of affect and stress at Time 2, 10-12 weeks later. Results indicated that changes in hopelessness but not dysphoria were predicted by the interaction between positive future thinking (but not negative future thinking), optimism/pessimism and stress beyond initial levels of hopelessness and dysphoria. Additional moderating analyses are also reported. These findings point to the fruits of integrating personality and cognitive processes, to better understand hopelessness.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/700
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699930600813422
Rights: Published in Cognition and Emotion by Taylor & Francis.
Affiliation: Psychology
University of St Andrews

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