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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Sex difference in learning the allocation of social grooming in infant stumptailed macaques
Authors: Mondragon-Ceballos, Ricardo
Chiappa, Pilar
Mayagoitia, Lilian
Lee, Phyllis C
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Keywords: social learning
inter-generational transmission
developmental sex differences
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Brill
Citation: Mondragon-Ceballos R, Chiappa P, Mayagoitia L & Lee PC (2010) Sex difference in learning the allocation of social grooming in infant stumptailed macaques, Behaviour, 147 (9), pp. 1073-1099.
Abstract: Among primates, the intense mother-infant bond provides offspring with a lengthy period for learning from an experienced and reliable demonstrator. Since adult life differs for females and males, the expertise of mother may not be equally useful to both sexes of infant, particularly with regard to social relationships. Here, we report on differences between infant female and male stumptailed macaques in learning how to allocate social grooming, using their mothers as demonstrators. Infant females were significantly more socially precocious than males, starting at early ages to groom mothers. Throughout their first year of life, daughters showed more instances of mirroring mothers’ behaviour than sons did. In addition, while grooming on their own, grooming durations of daughters to specific partners was significantly concordant with time devoted by mothers to such recipients. We suggest that daughters learn from their mothers how to distribute grooming amongst social companions, while sons primarily use mother as a secure platform to initiate socializing. These results lend support to the idea that mirroring equates with learning and leads to reinforcement of innate propensities for gender roles in primates.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Lisbon
Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente
Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente

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