Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2953

Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Type D Personality Predicts Poor Medication Adherence in Myocardial Infarction Patients
Authors: Williams, Lynn
O'Connor, Rory
Grubb, Neil R
O'Carroll, Ronan
Contact Email: reo1@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: negative affect
medication adherence
myocardial infarction
prospective
social inhibition
Type D personality
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge) / European Health Psychology Society
Citation: Williams L, O'Connor R, Grubb NR & O'Carroll R (2011) Type D Personality Predicts Poor Medication Adherence in Myocardial Infarction Patients, Psychology and Health, 26 (6), pp. 703-712.
Abstract: Type D personality, the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition, is an emerging risk factor in cardiovascular disease. The current study aimed to examine one possible behavioural mechanism to explain the link between Type D and ill-health. It was hypothesised that Type D personality would predict medication adherence in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. In a prospective study, 192 MI patients (54 females, 138 males) completed measures of Type D personality and provided demographic and medical information one week post-MI, and 131 then went on to complete a self-report measure of medication adherence three months post-MI. It was found that Type D personality predicts adherence to medication, after controlling for demographic and clinical risk factors. Critically, the constituent components of Type D, negative affectivity and social inhibition, interact to predict medication adherence, after controlling for the effects of each component separately. Poor adherence to medication may represent one mechanism to explain why Type D cardiac patients experience poor clinical outcome, in comparison to non-Type D patients. Interventions which target the self-management of medication may be useful in these high-risk patients.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2953
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2010.488265
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Stirling
Psychology
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh
Psychology

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