Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/25672
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pesticides and Bees: ecological-economic modelling of bee populations on farmland
Authors: Kleczkowski, Adam
Ellis, Ciaran
Hanley, Nick
Goulson, Dave
Contact Email: adam.kleczkowski@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Pollination
Pesticides
Wild bees
Commercial bees
Ecological-economic modelling
Issue Date: 24-Sep-2017
Citation: Kleczkowski A, Ellis C, Hanley N & Goulson D (2017) Pesticides and Bees: ecological-economic modelling of bee populations on farmland, Ecological Modelling, 360, pp. 53-62.
Abstract: Production of insect-pollinated crops typically relies on both pesticide use and pollination, leading to a potential conflict between these two inputs. In this paper we combine ecological modelling with economic analysis to investigate the effects of pesticide use on wild and commercial bees, whilst allowing farmers to partly offset the negative effects of pesticides on bee populations by creating more on-farm bee habitat. Farmers have incentives to invest in creating wild bee habitat to increase pollination inputs due to the contribution this makes to yields. However, the optimal allocation of on-farm habitat strongly depends on the negative effects of pesticides, with a threshold-like behaviour at a critical level of the impairment. When this threshold is crossed, the population of wild bees becomes locally extinct and their availability to pollinate breaks down. We show that availability of commercial bees masks this decrease in pollination services which would otherwise incentivise farmers to conserve the wild pollinator population. Indeed, if commercial bees are available, optimum profit may be achieved by providing no habitat at all for wild bees, and allowing these wild pollinators to go extinct.
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.008
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Kleczkowski A, Ellis C, Hanley N & Goulson D (2017) Pesticides and Bees: ecological-economic modelling of bee populations on farmland, Ecological Modelling, 360, pp. 53-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.008 © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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