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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Type D personality and illness perceptions in myocardial infarction patients
Authors: Williams, Lynn
O'Connor, Rory
Grubb, Neil R
O'Carroll, Ronan
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Keywords: Illness Perceptions
Myocardial Infarction
Type D Personality
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Citation: Williams L, O'Connor R, Grubb NR & O'Carroll R (2011) Type D personality and illness perceptions in myocardial infarction patients, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70 (2), pp. 141-144.
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the relationship between Type D personality (the tendency to experience negative emotions and to be socially inhibited) and illness beliefs in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Methods: One hundred and ninety two MI patients participated. Patients were assessed on demographic variables and completed the Type D Scale (DS14) and Brief illness perceptions questionnaire (BIPQ) one week post-MI. Results: MANOVA revealed that Type D patients were significantly different from non-Type D patients on every illness perception dimension. Type D patients believe that their illness has significantly more serious consequences (p < .001), will last significantly longer (p < .001), will be significantly less controllable by them (p < .05) or through treatment (p < .001) compared to non-Type D patients, and experience significantly more symptoms that they attribute to their illness (p < .001). In addition, they are significantly more concerned about their illness (p < .05), experience significantly more emotions as a result (p < .001), and find their illness to be significantly less comprehensible compared to non-Type D individuals (p < .001). Conclusion: Type D individuals possess a distinct profile of illness beliefs, which may help explain the adverse effect of Type D on health outcomes following MI. Future research should evaluate intervention strategies to tackle illness perceptions in these high-risk patients.
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Rights: Published in Journal of Psychosomatic Research by Elsevier.

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