|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Type D personality and illness perceptions in myocardial infarction patients|
Grubb, Neil R
Type D Personality
|Citation:||Williams L, O'Connor R, Grubb NR & O'Carroll R (2011) Type D personality and illness perceptions in myocardial infarction patients, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70 (2), pp. 141-144.|
|Abstract:||Objectives: To determine the relationship between Type D personality (the tendency to experience negative emotions and to be socially inhibited) and illness beliefs in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Methods: One hundred and ninety two MI patients participated. Patients were assessed on demographic variables and completed the Type D Scale (DS14) and Brief illness perceptions questionnaire (BIPQ) one week post-MI. Results: MANOVA revealed that Type D patients were significantly different from non-Type D patients on every illness perception dimension. Type D patients believe that their illness has significantly more serious consequences (p < .001), will last significantly longer (p < .001), will be significantly less controllable by them (p < .05) or through treatment (p < .001) compared to non-Type D patients, and experience significantly more symptoms that they attribute to their illness (p < .001). In addition, they are significantly more concerned about their illness (p < .05), experience significantly more emotions as a result (p < .001), and find their illness to be significantly less comprehensible compared to non-Type D individuals (p < .001). Conclusion: Type D individuals possess a distinct profile of illness beliefs, which may help explain the adverse effect of Type D on health outcomes following MI. Future research should evaluate intervention strategies to tackle illness perceptions in these high-risk patients.|
|Rights:||Published in Journal of Psychosomatic Research by Elsevier.|
|Affiliation:||University of Stirling|
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh
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