|Appears in Collections:||Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Deleting Edges to Restrict the Size of an Epidemic: A New Application for Treewidth (Forthcoming/Available Online)|
|Citation:||Enright J & Meeks K (2017) Deleting Edges to Restrict the Size of an Epidemic: A New Application for Treewidth (Forthcoming/Available Online), Algorithmica.|
|Abstract:||Motivated by applications in network epidemiology, we consider the problem of determining whether it is possible to delete at most k edges from a given input graph (of small treewidth) so that the resulting graph avoids a set F of forbidden subgraphs; of particular interest is the problem of determining whether it is possible to delete at most k edges so that the resulting graph has no connected component of more than h vertices, as this bounds the worst-case size of an epidemic. While even this special case of the problem is NP-complete in general (even when h=3), we provide evidence that many of the real-world networks of interest are likely to have small treewidth, and we describe an algorithm which solves the general problem in time 2O(|F|wr)n on an input graph having n vertices and whose treewidth is bounded by a fixed constantw, if each of the subgraphs we wish to avoid has at most r vertices. For the special case in which we wish only to ensure that no component has more than h vertices, we improve on this to give an algorithm running in time O((wh)2wn), which we have implemented and tested on real datasets based on cattle movements.|
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