Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/25354
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Deleting Edges to Restrict the Size of an Epidemic: A New Application for Treewidth (Forthcoming/Available Online)
Authors: Enright, Jessica
Meeks, Kitty
Contact Email: jae@cs.stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Edge-deletion
Treewidth
Network epidemiology
Graph contagion
Issue Date: 20-Apr-2017
Citation: Enright J & Meeks K (2017) Deleting Edges to Restrict the Size of an Epidemic: A New Application for Treewidth (Forthcoming/Available Online), Algorithmica.
Abstract: Motivated by applications in network epidemiology, we consider the problem of determining whether it is possible to delete at most k edges from a given input graph (of small treewidth) so that the resulting graph avoids a set F of forbidden subgraphs; of particular interest is the problem of determining whether it is possible to delete at most k edges so that the resulting graph has no connected component of more than h vertices, as this bounds the worst-case size of an epidemic. While even this special case of the problem is NP-complete in general (even when h=3), we provide evidence that many of the real-world networks of interest are likely to have small treewidth, and we describe an algorithm which solves the general problem in time 2O(|F|wr)n on an input graph having n vertices and whose treewidth is bounded by a fixed constantw, if each of the subgraphs we wish to avoid has at most r vertices. For the special case in which we wish only to ensure that no component has more than h vertices, we improve on this to give an algorithm running in time O((wh)2wn), which we have implemented and tested on real datasets based on cattle movements.
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00453-017-0311-7
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