Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24550
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Redox dynamics in the active layer of an Arctic headwater catchment; examining the potential for transfer of dissolved methane from soils to stream water
Authors: Street, Lorna E
Dean, Joshua
Billett, Michael
Baxter, Robert
Dinsmore, Kerry J
Lessels, Jason S
Subke, Jens-Arne
Tetzlaff, Doerthe
Wookey, Philip
Contact Email: m.f.billett@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Methanogenesis
permafrost
hydrological processes
riparian
hyporheic zone
Trail Valley Creek
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Citation: Street LE, Dean J, Billett M, Baxter R, Dinsmore KJ, Lessels JS, Subke J, Tetzlaff D & Wookey P (2016) Redox dynamics in the active layer of an Arctic headwater catchment; examining the potential for transfer of dissolved methane from soils to stream water, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121 (11), pp. 2776-2792.
Abstract: The linkages between methane production, transport 26 and release from terrestrial and aquatic systems are not well understood, complicating the task of predicting methane emissions. We present novel data examining the potential for the saturated zone of active layer soils to act as a source of dissolved methane to the aquatic system, via soil water discharge, within a headwater catchment of the continuous permafrost zone in Northern Canada. We monitored redox conditions and soil methane concentrations across a transect of soil profiles from mid-stream to hillslope, and compare temporal patterns in methane concentrations in soils to those in the stream. We show that redox conditions in active layer soils become more negative as the thaw season progresses, providing conditions suitable for net methanogenesis, and that redox conditions are sensitive to increased precipitation during a storm event - but only in shallower surface soil layers. Whilst we demonstrate that methane concentrations at depth in the hillslope soils increase over the course of the growing season as reducing conditions develop, we find no evidence that this has an influence on stream water methane concentrations. Sediments directly beneath the stream bed, however, remain strongly reducing at depth throughout the thaw season, and contain methane at concentrations five orders of magnitude greater than those in hillslope soils. The extent of sub-streambed methane sources, and the rates of methane transport from these zones, may therefore be important factors determining headwater stream methane concentrations under changing Arctic hydrologic regimes.
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JG003387
Rights: Author's Accepted Manuscript: The publisher does not allow this version of the work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. AGU allows final articles to be placed in an institutional repository 6 months after publication
Publisher version: ©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences by AGU. The original publication is available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JG003387

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