Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24159
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Effects of Prior Knowledge on Memory: Implications for Education
Authors: Shing, Yee Lee
Brod, Garvin
Contact Email: yee.shing@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Shing YL & Brod G (2016) Effects of Prior Knowledge on Memory: Implications for Education, Mind, Brain, and Education, 10 (3), pp. 153-161.
Abstract: The encoding, consolidation, and retrieval of events and facts form the basis for acquiring new skills and knowledge. Prior knowledge can enhance those memory processes considerably and thus foster knowledge acquisition. But prior knowledge can also hinder knowledge acquisition, in particular when the to-be-learned information is inconsistent with the presuppositions of the learner. Therefore, taking students' prior knowledge into account and knowing about the way it affects memory processes is important for optimization of students' learning. Recent behavioral and neuroimaging experiments have shed new light on the neural mechanisms through which prior knowledge affects memory. However, relatively little is known about developmental differences in the ability to make efficient use of one's knowledge base for memory purposes. In this article, we review and integrate recent empirical evidence from developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience about the effects of prior knowledge on memory processes. In particular, this may entail an extended shift from processing in the medial temporal lobes of the brain toward processing in the neocortex. Such findings have implications for students as developing individuals. Therefore, we highlight recent insights from cognitive neuroscience that call for further investigation in educational settings, discussing to what extent these novel insights may inform teaching in the classroom.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24159
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mbe.12110
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Shing, Y. L. and Brod, G. (2016), Effects of Prior Knowledge on Memory: Implications for Education. Mind, Brain, and Education, 10: 153–161. doi: 10.1111/mbe.12110, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1111/mbe.12110/full. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Affiliation: Psychology
Max Planck Institute for Human Development

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