Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23923
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Soil pH and organic matter content add explanatory power to Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus distribution models and suggest soil amendment as a conservation measure on upland farmland
Authors: McCallum, Heather M
Park, Kirsty
O'Brien, Mark G
Gimona, Alessandro
Poggio, Laura
Wilson, Jeremy
Contact Email: k.j.park@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: agriculture
agri-environment
earthworm
grassland
High Nature Value
lime
Lumbricidae
shorebird
soil pH
wader
Issue Date: Oct-2015
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: McCallum HM, Park K, O'Brien MG, Gimona A, Poggio L & Wilson J (2015) Soil pH and organic matter content add explanatory power to Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus distribution models and suggest soil amendment as a conservation measure on upland farmland, Ibis, 157 (4), pp. 677-687.
Abstract: Habitat associations of farmland birds are well studied, yet few have considered relationships between species distribution and soil properties. Charadriiform waders (shorebirds) depend upon penetrable soils, rich in invertebrate prey. Many species, such as the Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus, have undergone severe declines across Europe, despite being targeted by agri-environment measures. This study assessed whether there were additive effects of soil variables (depth, pH and organic matter content) in explaining Lapwing distribution, after controlling for known habitat relationships, at 89 farmland sites across Scotland. The addition of these soil variables and their association with elevation improved model fit by 55\%, in comparison with models containing only previously established habitat relationships. Lapwing density was greatest at sites at higher elevation, but only those with less peaty and less acidic soil. Lapwing distribution is being constrained between intensively managed lowland farmland with favourable soil conditions and upland sites where lower management intensity favours Lapwings but edaphic conditions limit their distribution. Trials of soil amendments such as liming are needed on higher elevation grassland sites to test whether they could contribute to conservation management for breeding Lapwings and other species of conservation concern that depend upon soil-dwelling invertebrates in grassland soils, such as Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata, Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris and Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus. Results from such trials could support improvement and targeting of agri-environment schemes and other conservation measures in upland grassland systems.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23923
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12286
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: McCallum, H. M., Park, K. J., O'brien, M. G., Gimona, A., Poggio, L., Wilson, J. D. (2015), Soil pH and organic matter content add explanatory power to Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus distribution models and suggest soil amendment as a conservation measure on upland farmland. Ibis, 157: 677–687. doi: 10.1111/ibi.12286, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12286. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Affiliation: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)
Biological and Environmental Sciences
BirdLife International
The James Hutton Institute
The James Hutton Institute
Biological and Environmental Sciences

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