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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives
Authors: Dusterhus, Andre
Rovere, Alessio
Carlson, Anders
Horton, Benjamin
Klemann, Volker
Tarasov, Lev
Barlow, Natasha
Bradwell, Tom
Clark, Jorie
Dutton, Andrea
Gehrels, W Roland
Hibbert, Fiona D
Hijma, Marc P
Khan, Nicole
Kopp, Robert E
Contact Email:
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2016
Publisher: Copernicus Publications for European Geosciences Union
Citation: Dusterhus A, Rovere A, Carlson A, Horton B, Klemann V, Tarasov L, Barlow N, Bradwell T, Clark J, Dutton A, Gehrels WR, Hibbert FD, Hijma MP, Khan N & Kopp RE (2016) Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives, Climate of the Past, 12 (4), pp. 911-921.
Abstract: Sea-level and ice-sheet databases have driven numerous advances in understanding the Earth system. We describe the challenges and offer best strategies that can be adopted to build self-consistent and standardised databases of geological and geochemical information used to archive palaeo-sea-levels and palaeo-ice-sheets. There are three phases in the development of a database: (i)measurement, (ii)interpretation, and (iii)database creation. Measurement should include the objective description of the position and age of a sample, description of associated geological features, and quantification of uncertainties. Interpretation of the sample may have a subjective component, but it should always include uncertainties and alternative or contrasting interpretations, with any exclusion of existing interpretations requiring a full justification. During the creation of a database, an approach based on accessibility, transparency, trust, availability, continuity, completeness, and communication of content (ATTAC3) must be adopted. It is essential to consider the community that creates and benefits from a database. We conclude that funding agencies should not only consider the creation of original data in specific research-question-oriented projects, but also include the possibility of using part of the funding for IT-related and database creation tasks, which are essential to guarantee accessibility and maintenance of the collected data.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: © Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Notes: Additional co-authors: Dorit Sivan and Torbjörn E. Törnqvist
Affiliation: National Oceanography Centre
University of Bremen
Oregon State University
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Durham University
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Oregon State University
University of Florida
University of York
University of Southampton
Deltares, the Netherlands
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

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