Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23836
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Sex differences in experimental pain among healthy children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors: Boerner, Katelynne E
Birnie, Kathryn A
Caes, Line
Schinkel, Meghan
Chambers, Christine T
Contact Email: line.caes@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Children
Experimental pain
Meta-analysis
Sex differences
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Boerner KE, Birnie KA, Caes L, Schinkel M & Chambers CT (2014) Sex differences in experimental pain among healthy children: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Pain, 155 (5), pp. 983-993.
Abstract: Sex differences in response to experimental pain are commonly reported in systematic reviews in the adult literature. The objective of the present research was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of sex differences in healthy children's responses to experimental pain (eg, cold pressor, heat pain, pressure pain) and, where possible, to conduct analyses separately for children and adolescents. A search was conducted of electronic databases for published papers in English of empirical research using experimental pain tasks to examine pain-related outcomes in healthy boys and girls between 0 and 18 years of age. Eighty articles were eligible for inclusion and were coded to extract information relevant to sex differences. The systematic review indicated that, across different experimental pain tasks, the majority of studies reported no significant differences between boys and girls on pain-related outcomes. However, the meta-analysis of available combined data found that girls reported significantly higher cold pressor pain intensity compared to boys in studies where the mean age of participants was greater than 12 years. Additionally, a meta-analysis of heat pain found that boys had significantly higher tolerance than girls overall, and boys had significantly higher heat pain threshold than girls in studies where the mean age of participants was 12 years or younger. These findings suggest that developmental stage may be relevant for understanding sex differences in pain.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23836
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2014.01.031
Rights: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Pain following peer review. The version of record Boerner KE, Birnie KA, Caes L, Schinkel M & Chambers CT (2014) Sex differences in experimental pain among healthy children: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Pain, 155 (5), pp. 983-993 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2014.01.031
Affiliation: Dalhousie University
Dalhousie University
Psychology
Dalhousie University
Dalhousie University

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