Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Current status and restoration options for floodplains along the Danube River
Authors: Hein, Thomas
Schwarz, Ulrich
Habersack, Helmut
Nichersu, Iulian
Preiner, Stefan
Willby, Nigel
Weigelhofer, Gabriele
Contact Email:
Keywords: Danube river
Flood protection
River restoration
Water framework directive
Issue Date: Feb-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Hein T, Schwarz U, Habersack H, Nichersu I, Preiner S, Willby N & Weigelhofer G (2016) Current status and restoration options for floodplains along the Danube River, Science of the Total Environment, 543 (Part A), pp. 778-790.
Abstract: Floodplains are key ecosystems of riverine landscapes and provide a multitude of ecosystem services. In most of the large river systems worldwide, a tremendous reduction of floodplain area has occurred in the last 100years and this loss continues due to pressures such as land use change, river regulation, and dam construction. In the Danube River Basin, the extent of floodplains has been reduced by 68% compared to their pre-regulation area, with the highest losses occurring in the Upper Danube and the lowest in the Danube Delta. In this paper, we illustrate the restoration potential of floodplains along the Danube and its major tributaries. Via two case studies in the Upper and Lower Danube, we demonstrate the effects of restoration measures on the river ecosystem, addressing different drivers, pressures, and opportunities in these regions. The potential area for floodplain restoration based on land use and hydromorphological characteristics amounts to 8102 km 2 for the whole Danube River, of which estimated 75% have a high restoration potential. A comparison of floodplain status and options for restoration in the Upper and Lower Danube shows clear differences in drivers and pressures, but certain common options apply in both sections if the local context of stakeholders and societal needs are considered. New approaches to flood protection using natural water retention measures offer increased opportunities for floodplain restoration, but conflicting societal needs and legal frameworks may restrict implementation. Emerging issues such as climate change and invasive non-native species will need careful consideration in future restoration planning to minimize unintended effects and to increase the resilience of floodplains to these and other pressures.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
FLUVIUS Floodplain Ecology and River Basin Management, Austria
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
Danube Delta National Institute (DDNI)
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Hein et al_STE_2016.pdf1.68 MBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.