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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Autobiographical memory specificity in response to verbal and pictorial cues in clinical depression
Authors: Ridout, Nathan
Dritschel, Barbara
Matthews, Keith B
O'Carroll, Ronan
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Keywords: Overgeneral memory
Autobiographical memory test
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Ridout N, Dritschel B, Matthews KB & O'Carroll R (2016) Autobiographical memory specificity in response to verbal and pictorial cues in clinical depression, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 51, pp. 109-115.
Abstract: Background:  Depressed individuals have been consistently shown to exhibit problems in accessing specific memories of events from their past and instead tend to retrieve categorical summaries of events. The majority of studies examining autobiographical memory changes associated with psychopathology have tended to use word cues, but only one study to date has used images (with PTSD patients).  Objective: to determine if using images to cue autobiographical memories would reduce the memory specificity deficit exhibited by patients with depression in comparison to healthy controls.  Methods:  Twenty-five clinically depressed patients and twenty-five healthy controls were assessed on two versions of the autobiographical memory test; cued with emotional words and images.  Results:  Depressed patients retrieved significantly fewer specific memories, and a greater number of categorical, than did the controls. Controls retrieved a greater proportion of specific memories to images compared to words, whereas depressed patients retrieved a similar proportion of specific memories to both images and words. Limitations: no information about the presence and severity of past trauma was collected.  Conclusions:  results suggest that the overgeneral memory style in depression generalises from verbal to pictorial cues. This is important because retrieval to images may provide a more ecologically valid test of everyday memory experiences than word-cued retrieval.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Aston University
University of St Andrews
University of Dundee

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