Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23161
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The spandrels of Santa Barbara? A new perspective on the peri-ovulation paradigm
Authors: Havlicek, Jan
Cobey, Kelly D
Barrett, Louise
Klapilova, Katerina
Roberts, S Craig
Contact Email: craig.roberts@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: adaptationism
attractiveness
fertility
mate preferences
menstrual cycle
ovarian hormones
Issue Date: Sep-2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Havlicek J, Cobey KD, Barrett L, Klapilova K & Roberts SC (2015) The spandrels of Santa Barbara? A new perspective on the peri-ovulation paradigm, Behavioral Ecology, 26 (5), pp. 1249-1260.
Abstract: Numerous recent studies document peri-ovulatory increases in women’s physical attractiveness and in their preferences for certain male traits, which appear to be linked to cyclical fluctuation in levels of ovarian hormones. Changes in physical traits are subtle, leading to the widespread conclusion that cues of ovulation are adaptively concealed. It has been argued that concealment enables women to pursue a mixed-mating strategy characterized by pair-bonding with opportunistic extrapair copulation with high-quality mates when conception is possible. Men’s preferences for peri-ovulatory cues and women’s cyclical preference shifts are thus also argued to reflect distinct psychological adaptations. Here, we re-interpret the evidence for each of these putative adaptations and argue that cyclic changes need not result from incomplete concealment of ovulatory status. We also emphasize that ovarian hormone levels underpin between-individual differences in both women’s attractiveness and their mate preferences, which influence the sexes’ mate-choice decisions. We contrast the salience and efficiency of these within- and between-individual effects, and suggest that, although both effects have the potential to influence mating behavior, the between-individual effects are stronger and more robust. This introduces the possibility that both men’s increased attraction towards peri-ovulatory women and women’s cyclical shifts in preference for certain male traits may not constitute adaptations per se, but are, instead, inevitable by-products, or “perceptual spandrels,” of putative adaptations related to between-individual differences in reproductive potential. Our framework parsimoniously explains several observable phenomena and potentially could transform the way evolutionary researchers interpret changes in behavior associated with the menstrual cycle. 
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23161
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arv064
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Behavioral Ecology (2015) 26 (5): 1249-1260 by Oxford University Press. The original publication is available at: //http:dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arv064
Affiliation: Charles University in Prague
Psychology
University of Lethbridge
Charles University in Prague
Psychology

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