Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23030
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Identifying innovation in laboratory studies of cultural evolution: rates of retention and measures of adaptation
Authors: Caldwell, Christine Anna
Cornish, Hannah
Kandler, Anne
Contact Email: c.a.caldwell@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: cultural evolution
iterated learning
microsociety
social learning
transmission chain
Issue Date: Mar-2016
Publisher: The Royal Society
Citation: Caldwell CA, Cornish H & Kandler A (2016) Identifying innovation in laboratory studies of cultural evolution: rates of retention and measures of adaptation , Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 371 (1690), Art. No.: 20150193.
Abstract: In recent years, laboratory studies of cultural evolution have become increasingly prevalent as a means of identifying and understanding the effects of cultural transmission on the form and functionality of transmitted material. The data sets generated by these studies may provide insights into the conditions encouraging, or inhibiting, high rates of innovation, as well as the effect that this has on measures of adaptive cultural change. Here we review recent experimental studies of cultural evolution with a view to elucidating the role of innovation in generating observed trends. We first consider how tasks are presented to participants, and how the corresponding conceptualisation of task success is likely to influence the degree of intent underlying any deviations from perfect reproduction. We then consider the measures of interest used by the researchers to track the changes that occur as a result of transmission, and how these are likely to be affected by differing rates of retention. We conclude that considering studies of cultural evolution from the perspective of innovation provides valuable insights which help to clarify important differences in research designs, which have implications for the likely effects of variation in retention rates on measures of cultural adaptation
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23030
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0193
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences by the Royal Society. The original publication is available at: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/371/1690/20150193.article-info
Affiliation: Psychology
Psychology
City University London

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