Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23000
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: An ESA roadmap for geobiology in space exploration
Authors: Cousins, Claire R
Cockell, Charles S
Schröder, Christian
Contact Email: christian.schroeder@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Geobiology
Astrobiology
Space exploration
International Space Station
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Cousins CR, Cockell CS & Schröder C (2016) An ESA roadmap for geobiology in space exploration, Acta Astronautica, 118, pp. 286-295.
Abstract: Geobiology, and in particular mineral–microbe interactions, has a significant role to play in current and future space exploration. This includes the search for biosignatures in extraterrestrial environments, and the human exploration of space. Microorganisms can be exploited to advance such exploration, such as through biomining, maintenance of life-support systems, and testing of life-detection instrumentation. In view of these potential applications, a European Space Agency (ESA) Topical Team “Geobiology in Space Exploration” was developed to explore these applications, and identify research avenues to be investigated to support this endeavour. Through community workshops, a roadmap was produced, with which to define future research directions via a set of 15 recommendations spanning three key areas: Science, Technology, and Community. These roadmap recommendations identify the need for research into: (1) new terrestrial space-analogue environments; (2) community level microbial–mineral interactions; (3) response of biofilms to the space environment; (4) enzymatic and biochemical mineral interaction; (5) technical refinement of instrumentation for space-based microbiology experiments, including precursor flight tests; (6) integration of existing ground-based planetary simulation facilities; (7) integration of fieldsite biogeography with laboratory- and field-based research; (8) modification of existing planetary instruments for new geobiological investigations; (9) development ofin situsample preparation techniques; (10) miniaturisation of existing analytical methods, such as DNA sequencing technology; (11) new sensor technology to analyse chemical interaction in small volume samples; (12) development of reusable Lunar and Near Earth Object experimental platforms; (13) utility of Earth-based research to enable the realistic pursuit of extraterrestrial biosignatures; (14) terrestrial benefits and technological spin-off from existing and future space-based geobiology investigations; and (15) new communication avenues between space agencies and terrestrial research organisations to enable this impact to be developed.  Christian Schröder contributed to this publication as part of the Geobiology in Space Exploration Topical Team. The team is comprised of Oliver Angerer, Casey Bryce, Charles Cockell, Claire Cousins, David Cullen, Rosa de la Torre, Jean-Pierre de Vera, Kai Finister, Bernard Foing, Gerhard Kminek, Sydney Leach, Kirsi Lehto, Natalie Leys, Jennifer Ngo-Anh, Karen Olsson-Francis, Silvano Onofri, Gian Grabiele Ori, Sam Payler, Elke Rabbow, Petra Rettberg, Toby Samuels, Christian Schröder, Rob Van Houdt, Jack van Loon, Ronnie Willaert, Laura Zuccioni
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23000
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2015.10.022
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of St Andrews
University of Edinburgh
Biological and Environmental Sciences

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Cousins2016_esa_roadmap_for_geobiology_in_space_exploration.pdf520.95 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.