Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22584
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Training-Induced Changes in Subsequent Memory Effects: No Major Differences Among Children, Younger Adults, and Older Adults
Authors: Brehmer, Yvonne
Shing, Yee Lee
Heekeren, Hauke R
Lindenberger, Ulman
Backman, Lars
Contact Email: yee.shing@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: episodic memory
training
subsequent memory effect
functional magnetic resonance imaging
lifespan
Issue Date: 1-May-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Brehmer Y, Shing YL, Heekeren HR, Lindenberger U & Backman L (2016) Training-Induced Changes in Subsequent Memory Effects: No Major Differences Among Children, Younger Adults, and Older Adults, NeuroImage, 131, pp. 214-225.
Abstract: The neural correlates of encoding mode, or the state of forming new memory episodes, have been found to change with age and mnemonic training. However, it is unclear whether neural correlates of encoding success, termed subsequent memory (SM) effects, also differ by age and mnemonic skill. In a multi-session training study, we investigated whether SM effects are altered by instruction and training in a mnemonic skill, and whether such alterations differ among children, younger adults, and older adults. Before and after strategy training, fMRI data were collected while participants were memorizing word pairs. In all age groups, participants receiving training showed greater performance gains than control group participants. Analysis of task-relevant regions showed training-induced reductions in SM effects in left frontal regions. Reductions in SM effects largely generalized across age, and primarily reflected greater training-induced activation increases for omissions than for remembered items, indicating that training resulted in more consistent use of the mnemonic strategy. The present results reveal no major age differences in SM effects in children, younger adults, and older adults.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22584
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811915011118
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.11.074
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Brehmer Y, Shing YL, Heekeren HR, Lindenberger U & Backman L (2016) Training-Induced Changes in Subsequent Memory Effects: No Major Differences Among Children, Younger Adults, and Older Adults, NeuroImage, 131, pp. 214-225. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.11.074 © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Psychology
Freie University Berlin
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Karolinska Institutet

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