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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Linkages between reach-scale physical habitat and invertebrate assemblages in upland streams
Authors: Milner, Victoria S
Willby, Nigel
Gilvear, David
Perfect, Charles
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Keywords: channel type
geomorphic typology
physical habitat heterogeneity
Issue Date: Jan-2015
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Citation: Milner VS, Willby N, Gilvear D & Perfect C (2015) Linkages between reach-scale physical habitat and invertebrate assemblages in upland streams, Marine and Freshwater Research, 66 (5), pp. 438-448.
Abstract: Determining the influence of physical habitat on biological structure in minimally disturbed settings is important if the effects of alterations to physical habitat are to be understood. This study tested whether reach-scale differences in physical habitat influence macroinvertebrate community composition at 24 sites in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Stream reaches were classified into channel types based on a geomorphic typology (i.e. step-pool, bedrock, plane-bed and pool-riffle). PERMANOVA indicated an overall significant relationship between the geomorphic typology and macroinvertebrate species-level composition, and among all combinations of channel types (such as step-pool and pool-riffle, step-pool and bedrock). Most channel types were dominated by high abundances ofBaetis rhodani,Rhithrogena semicolorataandLeuctra inermis, which are ubiquitous in unpolluted gravel-bedded Scottish streams. However, reflecting significant differences in abundance of commoner taxa between types, indicator value (IndVal) analysis revealed that pool-riffle reaches were characterised by elmids (Limniussp. andOulimniussp.) andCaenis rivulorum, and step-pool reaches byAlainites muticus,B. rhodani,L. inermisandBrachyptera risi. Geomorphic typing of rivers provides a useful basis for the initial assessment of ecological status whereas abundance-based biological data processed at the appropriate taxonomic resolution should be sensitive to physical-habitat modifications.
Type: Journal Article
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Rights: This article: - may be viewed by anyone with an internet connection anywhere in the world without the need for a current subscription - may be uploaded to any personal, institutional or public repository subject to acknowledgement of the author and journal in accordance with a CC-BY-NC-ND licence - may be shared, copied or redistributed in any medium or format - will appear in all available versions (electronic and paper) of the journal.
Affiliation: University of Worcester
Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Plymouth

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