Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Committing memory errors with high confidence: Older adults do but children don't
Authors: Shing, Yee Lee
Werkle-Bergner, Markus
Li, Shu-Chen
Lindenberger, Ulman
Contact Email:
Keywords: Memory development
Confidence judgement
False memory
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Citation: Shing YL, Werkle-Bergner M, Li S & Lindenberger U (2009) Committing memory errors with high confidence: Older adults do but children don't, Memory, 17 (2), pp. 169-179.
Abstract: We investigated lifespan differences of confidence calibration in episodic memory, particularly the susceptibility to high-confidence errors within samples of children, teenagers, younger adults, and older adults. Using an associative recognition memory paradigm, we drew a direct link between older adults' associative deficit and high-confidence errors. We predicted that only older adults would show high-confidence error even though their memory performance was at a similar level to that of children. Participants of all ages showed higher confidence following correct responses compared to incorrect responses, demonstrating the ability to calibrate subjective confidence in relation to memory accuracy. However, older adults were disproportionately more likely to indicate high confidence following erroneously remembered word pairs than participants of the other three age groups. Results are discussed in relation to the misrecollection account of high-confidence errors and ageing-related decline in hippocampus-dependent episodic memory functions.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Psychology
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Shing_highc_09.pdf152.92 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.