Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22244
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Within-person trial-to-trial variability precedes and predicts cognitive decline in old and very old age: Longitudinal data from the Berlin Aging Study
Authors: Lovden, Martin
Li, Shu-Chen
Shing, Yee Lee
Lindenberger, Ulman
Contact Email: yee.shing@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Within-person variability
Inconsistency
Neuronal noise
Longitudinal change
Neurocognitive aging
Cognitive control
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Lovden M, Li S, Shing YL & Lindenberger U (2007) Within-person trial-to-trial variability precedes and predicts cognitive decline in old and very old age: Longitudinal data from the Berlin Aging Study, Neuropsychologia, 45 (12), pp. 2827-2838.
Abstract: Neurocomputational modeling and empirical evidence suggest that losses in neuronal signaling fidelity cause senescent changes in behavior. We appliedstructural equation modelingto five-occasion 13-yearlongitudinal datafrom the Berlin Aging Study (n=447; age range at t1=70–102 years) to test whether trial-to-trial reaction time variability in perceptual speed (identical pictures) antecedes and signals longitudinal decline in levels of performance on perceptual speed (digit letter and identical pictures) and ideational fluency (category fluency). Higher trial-to-trial variability preceded and predicted greater cognitive decline in perceptual speed and ideational fluency. We conclude that trial-to-trial variability signals impending decline in cognitive performance, and that theories of neurocognitive aging need to postulate developmental cascades between senescent changes in variability and central tendency.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22244
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.05.005
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Psychology
Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
L-vden_intravariability_07.pdf622.72 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.