Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22204
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Establishing a database of radionuclide transfer parameters for freshwater wildlife
Authors: Yankovich, Tamara L
Beresford, Nicholas A
Fesenko, Sergey
Fesenko, J
Phaneuf, Marcelle
Dagher, Elias
Outola, Iisa
Andersson, Pal
Thiessen, Kathleen
Ryan, Judy
Wood, Michael D
Bollhofer, Andreas
Barnett, Catherine L
Copplestone, David
Contact Email: david.copplestone@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Concentration ratio
Radionuclides
Concentration factor
Bioaccumulation factor
Transfer parameters
Freshwater biota
Recommended values
IAEA
ICRP
Database
Reference organism
Reference animals and plants
RAPs
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Yankovich TL, Beresford NA, Fesenko S, Fesenko J, Phaneuf M, Dagher E, Outola I, Andersson P, Thiessen K, Ryan J, Wood MD, Bollhofer A, Barnett CL & Copplestone D (2013) Establishing a database of radionuclide transfer parameters for freshwater wildlife, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 126, pp. 299-313.
Abstract: Environmental assessments to evaluate potentials risks to humans and wildlife often involve modelling to predict contaminant exposure through key pathways. Such models require input of parameter values, including concentration ratios, to estimate contaminant concentrations in biota based on measurements or estimates of concentrations in environmental media, such as water. Due to the diversity of species and the range in physicochemical conditions in natural ecosystems, concentration ratios can vary by orders of magnitude, even within similar species. Therefore, to improve model input parameter values for application in aquatic systems, freshwater concentration ratios were collated or calculated from national grey literature, Russian language publications, and refereed papers. Collated data were then input into an international database that is being established by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The freshwater database enables entry of information for all radionuclides listed in ICRP (1983), in addition tothe corresponding stable elements, and comprises a total of more than 16,500 concentration ratio (CRwo-water) values. Although data were available for all broad wildlife groups (with the exception of birds), data were sparse for many organism types. For example, zooplankton, crustaceans, insects and insect larvae, amphibians, and mammals, for which there were CRwo-water values for less than eight elements. Coverage was most comprehensive for fish, vascular plants, and molluscs. To our knowledge, the freshwater database that has now been established represents the most comprehensive set of CRwo-water values for freshwater species currently available for use in radiological environmental assessments.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/22204
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2012.07.014
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Saskatchewan Research Council, Canada
Lancaster Environment Centre
International Atomic Energy Agency
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Russia
International Atomic Energy Agency
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), Finland
Swedish Radiation Safety Authority
SENES Oak Ridge Inc
CANDU Owners Group Inc.
University of Salford
State Government Australia - Department of Sustainability and Environment
Lancaster Environment Centre
Biological and Environmental Sciences

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