Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A decade of evolving composites: regression- and meta-analysis
Authors: Frowd, Charlie
Erickson, William B
Lampinen, James M
Skelton, Faye
McIntyre, Alex
Hancock, Peter J B
Contact Email:
Keywords: Meta-analysis
Facial composite
Feature system
Holistic CI
Regression analysis
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Emerald
Citation: Frowd C, Erickson WB, Lampinen JM, Skelton F, McIntyre A & Hancock PJB (2015) A decade of evolving composites: regression- and meta-analysis, Journal of Forensic Practice, 17 (4), pp. 319-334.
Abstract: Purpose - The article assesses the impact of seven variables that emerge from laboratory research involving facial-composite construction using popular police systems: EvoFIT, Feature and Sketch.  Design/methodology/approach - The paper involves regression- and meta-analyses on composite-naming data from 23 studies that have followed procedures used by police practitioners for forensic face construction. The corpus for analyses contains 6464 individual naming responses from 1,069 participants in 41 experimental conditions.  Findings - The analyses reveal that composites constructed from the holistic EvoFIT system were over four-times more identifiable than composites from Feature and Sketch systems; Sketch was somewhat more effective than Feature systems. EvoFIT was more effective when internal features were created before rather than after selecting hair and the other external features. The holistic cognitive interview (H-CI) was shown to promote a valuable improvement (cf. CI) in naming for the three system types tested. The analysis also confirmed that composites were considerably less effective when constructed from a long (1 - 2 day) compared with a short (0 - 3.5 hour) retention interval.  Practical implications - Variables were assessed that are of importance to forensic practitioners who construct composites with witnesses and victims of crime.  Originality/value - A range of variables were assessed that are of importance to forensic practitioners who construct composites with witnesses and victims of crime. The main results are that EvoFIT using an internal-features method of construction is superior, as is the H-CI administered prior to face construction for three contrasting production systems. Keywords facial composite, EvoFIT, feature system, sketch, H-CI, regression, metaanalysis.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. To be published in Journal of Forensic Practice (2015) Vol. 17 Iss: 4, pp.319 - 334 by Emerald. The original publication is available at:
Affiliation: University of Winchester
University of Arkansas
University of Arkansas
Edinburgh Napier University
Edinburgh Napier University

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Frowd A decade of evolving composite techniques_ regression- and meta-analysis.pdf700.98 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.