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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Registered Replication Report: Schooler and Engstler-Schooler (1990)
Authors: Alogna, Victoria
Attaya, Matthew K
Aucoin, Philip
Bahnik, Stepan
Birch, Stacy
Birt, Angela R
Bornstein, Brian H
Bouwmeester, Samantha
Brandimonte, Maria A
Brown, Charity
Buswell, Kelsi
Hancock, Peter J B
Langton, Stephen
McIntyre, Alex H
Zwaan, Rolf A
Contact Email:
Keywords: recognition memory
verbal overshadowing
lineup identification
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Publisher: SAGE
Citation: Alogna V, Attaya MK, Aucoin P, Bahnik S, Birch S, Birt AR, Bornstein BH, Bouwmeester S, Brandimonte MA, Brown C, Buswell K, Hancock PJB, Langton S, McIntyre AH & Zwaan RA (2014) Registered Replication Report: Schooler and Engstler-Schooler (1990), Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9 (5), pp. 556-578.
Abstract: Trying to remember something now typically improves your ability to remember it later. However, after watching a video of a simulated bank robbery, participants who verbally described the robber were 25% worse at identifying the robber in a lineup than were participants who instead listed U.S. states and capitals-this has been termed the "verbal overshadowing" effect (Schooler & Engstler-Schooler, 1990). More recent studies suggested that this effect might be substantially smaller than first reported. Given uncertainty about the effect size, the influence of this finding in the memory literature, and its practical importance for police procedures, we conducted two collections of preregistered direct replications (RRR1 and RRR2) that differed only in the order of the description task and a filler task. In RRR1, when the description task immediately followed the robbery, participants who provided a description were 4% less likely to select the robber than were those in the control condition. In RRR2, when the description was delayed by 20 min, they were 16% less likely to select the robber. These findings reveal a robust verbal overshadowing effect that is strongly influenced by the relative timing of the tasks. The discussion considers further implications of these replications for our understanding of verbal overshadowing.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Notes: Further co-authors: Carlson, C., Carlson, M., Chu, S., Cislak, A., Colarusso, M., Colloff, M. F., Dellapaolera, K. S., Delvenne, J.-F., Di Domenico, A., Drummond, A., Echterhoff, G., Edlund, J. E., Eggleston, C. M., Fairfield, B., Franco, G., Gabbert, F., Gamblin, B. W., Garry, M., Gentry, R., Gilbert, E. A., Greenberg, D. L., Halberstadt, J., Hall, L., Hirsch, D., Holt, G., Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., Kehn, A., Koch, C., Kopietz, R., Körner, U., Kunar, M. A., Lai, C. K., Leite, F. P., Mammarella, N., Marsh, J. E., McConnaughy, K. A., McCoy, S., Meissner, C. A., Michael, R. B., Mitchell, A. A., Mugayar-Baldocchi, M., Musselman, R., Ng, C., Nichols, A. L., Nunez, N. L., Palmer, M. A., Pappagianopoulos, J. E., Petro, M. S., Poirier, C. R., Portch, E., Rainsford, M., Rancourt, A., Romig, C., Rubínová, E., Sanson, M., Satchell, L., Sauer, J. D., Schweitzer, K., Shaheed, J., Skelton, F., Sullivan, G. A., Susa, K. J., Swanner, J. K., Thompson, W. B., Todaro, R., Ulatowska, J., Valentine, T., Verkoeijen, P. P. J. L., Vranka, M., Wade, K. A., Was, C. A., Weatherford, D., Wiseman, K., Zaksaite, T., Zuj, D. V.
Affiliation: University of Otago
Stonehill College
Mount Saint Vincent University
Julius Maximilian University of Wurzburg
The College at Brockport State University of New York
Mount Saint Vincent University
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Erasmus University, Rotterdam
University Suor Orsola Benincasa - Naples
University of Leeds
George Fox University
Erasmus University, Rotterdam

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