Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21750
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Europeanization of sub-Arctic environments: perspectives from Norse Greenland’s outer fjords
Authors: Golding, Kirsty A
Simpson, Ian
Wilson, Clare
Lowe, Emily C
Schofield, J Edward
Edwards, Kevin J
Contact Email: c.a.wilson@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Europeanization
Sub-Arctic
Norse Greenland
Anthrosols
Sustainable intensification
Issue Date: Feb-2015
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Golding KA, Simpson I, Wilson C, Lowe EC, Schofield JE & Edwards KJ (2015) Europeanization of sub-Arctic environments: perspectives from Norse Greenland’s outer fjords, Human Ecology, 43 (1), pp. 61-77.
Abstract: Europeanization of sub-Arctic environments by Norse communities in Greenland, from the early 11th to mid 15th centuries AD, varied spatially and temporally, with pastoral agriculture and associated homefield management at the heart of this transformation. This process is poorly understood for the outer fjord areas of Norse Greenland and from this locality we contribute a homefield soils and sediments-based analysis. Our findings identify a recipe effect - the partitioning of turf, domestic animal manure and domestic waste resources used to manage soil fertility, field irrigation channels and the effects of eroded material deposition in the homefield. These management practices increased soil macro-nutrient status relative to pre-settlement concentration in some areas of the homefield whilst macro-nutrient concentrations in other areas of the homefield were allowed to decline. We suggest that where resources were limited, sustainable intensification could only be achieved in some areas of the homefield with other areas managed unsustainably.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21750
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10745-014-9708-y
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Stirling
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen

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