Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20873
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Mechanisms for similarity matching in disparity measurement
Authors: Goutcher, Ross
Hibbard, Paul
Contact Email: ross.goutcher@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: binocular vision
disparity measurement
correspondence problem
similarity
cross-correlation
binocular energy model
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2014
Publisher: Frontiers
Citation: Goutcher R & Hibbard P (2014) Mechanisms for similarity matching in disparity measurement, Frontiers in Psychology, 4, Art. No.: 1014.
Abstract: Early neural mechanisms for the measurement of binocular disparity appear to operate in a manner consistent with cross-correlation-like processes. Consequently, cross-correlation, or cross-correlation-like procedures have been used in a range of models of disparity measurement. Using such procedures as the basis for disparity measurement creates a preference for correspondence solutions that maximize the similarity between local left and right eye image regions. Here, we examine how observers’ perception of depth in an ambiguous stereogram is affected by manipulations of luminance and orientation-based image similarity. Results show a strong effect of coarse-scale luminance similarity manipulations, but a relatively weak effect of finer-scale manipulations of orientation similarity. This is in contrast to the measurements of depth obtained from a standard cross-correlation model. This model shows strong effects of orientation similarity manipulations and weaker effects of luminance similarity. In order to account for these discrepancies, the standard cross-correlation approach may be modified to include an initial spatial frequency filtering stage. The performance of this adjusted model most closely matches human psychophysical data when spatial frequency filtering favors coarser scales. This is consistent with the operation of disparity measurement processes where spatial frequency and disparity tuning are correlated, or where disparity measurement operates in a coarse-to-fine manner.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20873
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01014
Rights: © 2014 Goutcher and Hibbard. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Affiliation: Psychology
University of Essex

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