Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20868
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Managing social-ecological systems under uncertainty: Implementation in the real world
Authors: Nuno, Ana
Bunnefeld, Nils
Milner-Gulland, Eleanor J
Contact Email: nils.bunnefeld@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: bushmeat
implementation uncertainty
institutions
knowing–doing gap
management strategy evaluation
protected area management
Serengeti
social–ecological modeling
social networks
stakeholders
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: Resilience Alliance
Citation: Nuno A, Bunnefeld N & Milner-Gulland EJ (2014) Managing social-ecological systems under uncertainty: Implementation in the real world, Ecology and Society, 19 (2), Art. No.: 52.
Abstract: Management decisions for natural resources are not made in a vacuum; the environmental and ecological conditions as well as the socioeconomic and political contexts affect goals, the choice of interventions, their feasibility, and which outcomes are obtained. Although uncertainty is recognized as a feature of natural resource management, little attention has been given to the uncertainty generated by institutional settings, historical contingency, and individual people's influence. These implementation uncertainties, related to the translation of policy into practice, make it difficult to predict the outcomes of management interventions within social-ecological systems. Using the conservation of species hunted for bushmeat in the Serengeti as a case study, we investigated the challenges and potential barriers to successful implementation of natural resource management policies. We used a mixed-methods approach, combining semistructured interviews with scenario building, social network, and institutional analysis exercises. Using a management strategy evaluation (MSE) conceptual framework, we obtained insights into the constraints and opportunities for fulfilling stakeholder aspirations for the social-ecological system, analyzed the multiple roles played by different institutions in the system, and described the interactions between different actor types. We found that the respondents had generally similar views about the current and future status of the Serengeti but disagreed about how to address issues of conservation concern and were more uncertain about the actual outcomes of management interventions. Improving conservation implementation (rather than research, monitoring, or status assessment) was perceived as the key priority to be addressed. Institutional barriers were perceived as an important challenge given that the decision-making and implementation processes were broadly distributed across a number of institutions. Conservation social networks were centered on very few individuals, suggesting their importance in bridging across conservation arenas but also potentially affecting the resilience of governance structures. Our study gives an improved understanding of the underlying causes of discrepancies between conservation plans and outcomes for this case study, as well as providing a novel framework for the analysis of implementation uncertainties more broadly. A next step would be to use this framework as a basis for collaboratively developed models that integrate research findings with specific management questions. By bringing tools and findings from social psychology, natural resource management, and bioeconomics together into a unified operational framework, researchers may be better able to understand the barriers to successful resource management and engage with stakeholders to overcome them.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20868
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06490-190252
Rights: Publisher is open-access. Open access publishing allows free access to and distribution of published articles where the author retains copyright of their work by employing a Creative Commons attribution licence. Proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details should be given. The following is the established format for referencing this article: Nuno, A., N. Bunnefeld, and E. Milner-Gulland. 2014. Managing social–ecological systems under uncertainty: implementation in the real world. Ecology and Society 19(2): 52. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06490-190252
Affiliation: Imperial College London
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Imperial College London

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Ecology and Society 2014.pdf918.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.