Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2035
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The movement of African elephants in a human-dominated land-use mosaic
Authors: Graham, Max D
Douglas-Hamilton, Iain
Adams, William M
Lee, Phyllis C
Contact Email: pl4@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: African elephant
land-use mosaic
risk management
connectivity
ranging behaviour
GPS tracking
human-elephant conflict
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell / The Zoological Society of London
Citation: Graham MD, Douglas-Hamilton I, Adams WM & Lee PC (2009) The movement of African elephants in a human-dominated land-use mosaic, Animal Conservation, 12 (5), pp. 445-455.
Abstract: Land outside of gazetted protected areas is increasingly seen as important to the future of elephant persistence in Africa. However, other than inferential studies on crop raiding, very little is understood about how elephants Loxodonta africana use and are affected by human-occupied landscapes. This is largely a result of restrictions in technology, which made detailed assessments of elephant movement outside of protected areas challenging. Recent advances in radio telemetry have changed this, enabling researchers to establish over a 24-h period where tagged animals spend their time. We assessed the movement of 13 elephants outside of gazetted protected areas across a range of land-use types on the Laikipia plateau in north-central Kenya. The elephants monitored spent more time at night than during the day in areas under land use that presented a risk of mortality associated with human occupants. The opposite pattern was found on large-scale ranches where elephants were tolerated. Furthermore, speed of movement was found to be higher where elephants were at risk. These results demonstrate that elephants facultatively alter their behaviour to avoid risk in human-dominated landscapes. This helps them to maintain connectivity between habitat refugia in fragmented land-use mosaics, possibly alleviating some of the potential negative impacts of fragmentation. At the same time, however, it allows elephants to penetrate smallholder farmland to raid crops. The greater the amount of smallholder land within an elephant's range, the more it was utilized, with consequent implications for conflict. These findings underscore the importance of (1) land-use planning to maintain refugia; (2) incentives to prevent further habitat fragmentation; (3) the testing and application of conflict mitigation measures where fragmentation has already taken place.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2035
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00272.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of Cambridge
Save The Elephants
University of Cambridge
Psychology

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Graham et al 2009.pdf452.1 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.