Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20299
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Theory of mind following traumatic brain injury: The role of emotion recognition and executive dysfunction
Authors: Henry, Julie D
Phillips, Louise H
Crawford, John R
Ietswaart, Magdalena
Summers, Fiona
Contact Email: magdalena.ietswaart@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: head injury
social cognition
executive functioning
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Henry JD, Phillips LH, Crawford JR, Ietswaart M & Summers F (2006) Theory of mind following traumatic brain injury: The role of emotion recognition and executive dysfunction, Neuropsychologia, 44 (10), pp. 1623-1628.
Abstract: A number of studies have now documented that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with deficits in the recognition of basic emotions, the capacity to infer mental states of others (theory of mind), as well as executive functioning. However, no study to date has investigated the relationship between these three constructs in the context of TBI. In the current study TBI participants (N = 16) were compared with demographically matched healthy controls (N = 17). It was found that TBI participants' recognition of basic emotions, as well as their capacity for mental state attribution, was significantly reduced relative to controls. Performance on both of these measures was strongly correlated in the healthy control, but not in the TBI sample. In contrast, in the TBI (but not the control) sample, theory of mind was substantially correlated with performance on phonemic fluency, a measure of executive functioning considered to impose particular demands upon cognitive flexibility and self-regulation. These results are consistent with other evidence indicating that deficits in some aspects of executive functioning may at least partially underlie deficits in social cognition following TBI, and thus help explain the prevalence of social dysfunction in TBI.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/20299
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.03.020
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: University of New South Wales
University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen
Psychology
University of Aberdeen

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