Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/18182
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A Novel Approach to Assessing the Prevalence and Drivers of Illegal Bushmeat Hunting in the Serengeti
Authors: Nuno, Ana
Bunnefeld, Nils
Naiman, Loiruck C
Milner-Gulland, Eleanor J
Contact Email: nils.bunnefeld@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: compliance
indirect questioning
poaching
sensitive questions
UCT
uncertainty
unmatched-count technique
caza furtiva
conformidad
cuestionamientos indirectos
incertidumbre
preguntas delicadas
técnica de conteos sin equivalente (TCSE)
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell for Society for Conservation Biology
Citation: Nuno A, Bunnefeld N, Naiman LC & Milner-Gulland EJ (2013) A Novel Approach to Assessing the Prevalence and Drivers of Illegal Bushmeat Hunting in the Serengeti, Conservation Biology, 27 (6), pp. 1355-1365.
Abstract: Assessing anthropogenic effects on biological diversity, identifying drivers of human behavior, and motivating behavioral change are at the core of effective conservation. Yet knowledge of people's behaviors is often limited because the true extent of natural resource exploitation is difficult to ascertain, particularly if it is illegal. To obtain estimates of rule-breaking behavior, a technique has been developed with which to ask sensitive questions. We used this technique, unmatched-count technique (UCT), to provide estimates of bushmeat poaching, to determine motivation and seasonal and spatial distribution of poaching, and to characterize poaching households in the Serengeti. We also assessed the potential for survey biases on the basis of respondent perceptions of understanding, anonymity, and discomfort. Eighteen percent of households admitted to being involved in hunting. Illegal bushmeat hunting was more likely in households with seasonal or full-time employment, lower household size, and longer household residence in the village. The majority of respondents found the UCT questions easy to understand and were comfortable answering them. Our results suggest poaching remains widespread in the Serengeti and current alternative sources of income may not be sufficiently attractive to compete with the opportunities provided by hunting. We demonstrate that the UCT is well suited to investigating noncompliance in conservation because it reduces evasive responses, resulting in more accurate estimates, and is technically simple to apply. We suggest that the UCT could be more widely used, with the trade-off being the increased complexity of data analyses and requirement for large sample sizes.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/18182
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12124
Rights: © 2013 The Authors. Conservation Biology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., on behalf of the Society for Conservation Biology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Affiliation: Imperial College London
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Frankfurt Zoological Society
Imperial College London

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