Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/17732
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Chronology of the last glaciation in central Strait of Magellan and Bahia Inutil, southernmost South America
Authors: McCulloch, Robert
Fogwill, Chris
Sugden, David E
Bentley, Michael J
Kubik, Peter
Contact Email: robert.mcculloch@stir.ac.uk
Issue Date: Jun-2005
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: McCulloch R, Fogwill C, Sugden DE, Bentley MJ & Kubik P (2005) Chronology of the last glaciation in central Strait of Magellan and Bahia Inutil, southernmost South America, Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 87 (2), pp. 289-312.
Abstract: Glacier fluctuations in the Strait of Magellan tell of the climatic changes that affected southern latitudes at c. 53–55°S during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and Late-glacial/Holocene transition. Here we present a revised chronology based on cosmogenic isotope analysis, amino acid racemisation and tephrochronology. We unpick the effect of bedrock-derived lignite which has affected many new and revised dates that constrain five glacier advances (A to E). Advance A is prior to the LGM. LGM is represented by Advance B that reached and largely formed the arcuate peninsula Juan Mazia. Carbon-14 and 10Be dating show it occurred after 31 250 cal yrs BP and culminated at 25 200–23 100 cal yrs BP and was then followed by the slightly less extensive advance C sometime before 22 400–20 300 cal yrs BP. This pattern of an early maximum is found elsewhere in South America and more widely. Stage D, considerably less extensive, culminated sometime before 17 700–17 600 cal yrs BP and was followed by rapid and widespread glacier retreat. Advance E, which dammed a lake, spanned 15 500–11 770 cal yrs BP overlaps the Bølling–Allerød interstadials and the glacier retreat occurs during the peak of the Younger Dryas stadial in the northern hemisphere. However, the stage E advance coincides with the Antarctic Cold Reversal (c. 14 800–12 700 cal yrs BP) and may indicate that some millennial-scale climatic fluctuations in the Late-glacial period are out of phase between the northern and southern hemispheres.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/17732
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0435-3676.2005.00260.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Sydney
University of Edinburgh
Durham University
ETH Zurich

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
McCulloch et al 289.pdf1.49 MBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.