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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Bounce Rock—A shergottite-like basalt encountered at Meridiani Planum, Mars
Authors: Zipfel, Jutta
Schröder, Christian
Jolliff, Bradley L
Gellert, Ralf
Herkenhoff, Kenneth E
Rieder, Rudolf
Anderson, Robert C
Bell, III James F
Brueckner, Johannes
Crisp, Joy A
Christensen, Philip R
Clark, Benton C
de, Souza Jr Paulo A
Dreibus, Gerlind
d'Uston, Claude
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Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell for The Meteoritical Society
Citation: Zipfel J, Schröder C, Jolliff BL, Gellert R, Herkenhoff KE, Rieder R, Anderson RC, Bell III JF, Brueckner J, Crisp JA, Christensen PR, Clark BC, de Souza Jr PA, Dreibus G & d'Uston C (2011) Bounce Rock—A shergottite-like basalt encountered at Meridiani Planum, Mars, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 46 (1), pp. 1-20.
Abstract: The Opportunity rover of the Mars Exploration Rover mission encountered an isolated rock fragment with textural, mineralogical, and chemical properties similar to basaltic shergottites. This finding was confirmed by all rover instruments, and a comprehensive study of these results is reported here. Spectra from the miniature thermal emission spectrometer and the Panoramic Camera reveal a pyroxene-rich mineralogy, which is also evident in Mössbauer spectra and in normative mineralogy derived from bulk chemistry measured by the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer. The correspondence of Bounce Rock’s chemical composition with the composition of certain basaltic shergottites, especially Elephant Moraine (EET) 79001 lithology B and Queen Alexandra Range (QUE) 94201, is very close, with only Cl, Fe, and Ti exhibiting deviations. Chemical analyses further demonstrate characteristics typical of Mars such as the Fe ⁄Mn ratio and P concentrations. Possible shock features support the idea that Bounce Rock was ejected from an impact crater, most likely in the Meridiani Planum region. Bopolu crater, 19.3 km in diameter, located 75 km to the southwest could be the source crater. To date, no other rocks of this composition have been encountered by any of the rovers on Mars. The finding of Bounce Rock by the Opportunity rover provides further direct evidence for an origin of basaltic shergottite meteorites from Mars.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Volume 46, Issue 1, pages 1–20, January 2011 by The Metoritical Society. The original publication is available at:
Notes: Additional co-authors: Thanasis ECONOMOU, Steven P. GOREVAN, Brian C. HAHN, Göstar KLINGELHÖFER, Timothy J. McCOY, Harry Y. McSWEEN Jr, Douglas W. MING, Richard V. MORRIS, Daniel S. RODIONOV, Steven W. SQUYRES, Heinrich WÄNKE, Shawn P. WRIGHT, Michael B. WYATT, Albert S. YEN
Affiliation: Senckenberg Museum
Biological and Environmental Sciences
Washington University In Saint Louis
University of Guelph
U.S. Geological Survey
Max Planck Institute of Chemistry
California Institute of Technology
Cornell University
Max Planck Institute of Chemistry
California Institute of Technology
Arizona State University
Space Science Institute
University of Tasmania
Max Planck Institute of Chemistry
Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CESR)

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