|Appears in Collections:||Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Simulating Precambrian banded iron formation diagenesis|
|Authors:||Posth, Nicole R|
Swanner, Elizabeth D
Konhauser, Kurt O
Banded iron formations
|Citation:||Posth NR, Kohler I, Swanner ED, Schröder C, Wellmann E, Binder B, Konhauser KO, Neumann U, Berthold C, Nowak M & Kappler A (2013) Simulating Precambrian banded iron formation diagenesis, Chemical Geology, 362, pp. 66-73.|
|Abstract:||Post-depositional diagenetic alteration makes the accurate interpretation of key precipitation processes in ancient sediments, such as Precambrian banded iron formations (BIFs), difficult. While microorganisms are proposed as key contributors to BIF deposition, the diagenetic transformation of precursor Fe(III) minerals associated with microbial biomass had not been experimentally tested. We incubated mixtures of ferrihydrite (proxy for biogenic ferric oxyhydroxide minerals) and glucose (proxy for microbial biomass) in gold capsules at 1.2 kbar and 170°C. Both wet chemical analysis and mineralogical methods (microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy) were used to analyze the reaction products. Under these conditions, ferrihydrite (Fe III(OH)3) transforms to hematite (Fe2IIIO3), magnetite (FeIIFe2IIIO4), and siderite (FeIICO3). Silica-coated ferrihydrite prepared at conservative Si:Fe ratios (as predicted for the Precambrian oceans) and mixed with glucose yielded hematite and siderite, whereas magnetite could not be identified microscopically. Our results show that electron transfer from organic carbon to Fe(III) minerals during temperature/pressure diagenesis can drive the production of key BIF minerals. Our results also demonstrate that the post-depositional mineralogy of BIF does not directly archive the oceanic or atmospheric conditions present on Earth during their lithification. As a consequence, atmospheric composition regarding concentrations of methane and CO2 during the time of BIF mineral deposition cannot be directly inferred from BIF mineralogical data alone.|
|Rights:||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Posth2013_simulating_precambrian_banded_iron_formation_diagenesis.pdf||1.31 MB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 31/12/2999 Request a copy|
Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.
This item is protected by original copyright
Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.