Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Four heads are better than one: combining face composites yields improvements in face likeness
Authors: Bruce, Vicki
Ness, Hayley
Hancock, Peter J B
Newman, Craig
Rarity, Jenny
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Bruce V, Ness H, Hancock PJB, Newman C & Rarity J (2002) Four heads are better than one: combining face composites yields improvements in face likeness, Journal of Applied Psychology, 87 (5), pp. 894-902.
Abstract: Four different participants constructed face composites, using “PRO-Fit”, of familiar and unfamiliar targets, with reference images present or from memory. The "mean" of all four composites, created by morphing (4-Morph) was rated as a better likeness than individual composites on average, and was as good as the best individual likeness. When participants attempted to identify targets from line-ups, 4-Morphs again performed as well as the best individual composite. In a second experiment participants familiar with target women attempted to identify composites, and the trend showed better recognition from multiple composites, whether combined or shown together. In a line-up task with unfamiliar participants, 4-Morphs produced most correct choices, and fewest false positives from target absent or target present arrays. These results have practical implications for the way evidence from different witnesses is used in police investigati
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: Published in Journal of Applied Psychology. Copyright 2002 by APA American Psychological Association. Publisher version available from
Affiliation: Psychology
University of Stirling
University of Stirling
University of Stirling

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hancock-jap-2002.pdf210.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.