Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Modelling land use around an early Neolithic timber 'hall' in north east Scotland from high spatial resolution pollen analyses
Authors: Tipping, Richard
Bunting, M Jane
Davies, Althea
Murray, Hilary
Fraser, Shannon
McCulloch, Robert
Contact Email:
Keywords: early Neolithic
spatial modelling
Issue Date: Jan-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Tipping R, Bunting MJ, Davies A, Murray H, Fraser S & McCulloch R (2009) Modelling land use around an early Neolithic timber 'hall' in north east Scotland from high spatial resolution pollen analyses, Journal of Archaeological Science, 36 (1), pp. 140-149.
Abstract: A methodology is described by which spatial patterns of land use were reconstructed from pollen analyses on anthropogenic sediments at a recently excavated early Neolithic timber ‘hall’ in north east Scotland. The anthropogenic sediments were from a deep, small diameter pit within the building. They present numerous taphonomic and interpretative challenges to the analyst, but from this type of deposit, the power to estimate quantitatively the vegetation structure around the archaeological site makes such difficult deposits very significant. A rigorous methodology is firstly described, therefore, by which confidence in ecological interpretation can be established. Secondly, the source of pollen in the deposit is evaluated. Thirdly, the possible pollen source area and structure of the surrounding vegetation are estimated by quantitative simulation modelling. Finally, these analyses are compared with region-scale pollen analyses from nearby conventional wetland deposits with much larger pollen source areas. The pollen assemblages recovered probably reflect land uses adjacent to the ‘hall’ and up to 2.5 km around. Cereal cultivation was the most important land use immediately around the ‘hall’, possibly grown between stands of scrub Corylus (hazel) woodland. These intensive but local-scale land uses cannot be discerned in region-scale pollen analyses.
Type: Journal Article
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Hull
University of Stirling
Murray Archaeological Services Ltd
The National Trust for Scotland
Biological and Environmental Sciences

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
JAS Crathes 2009.pdf581.96 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 31/12/2999     Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.