Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11492
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Brain potentials reveal semantic priming in both the 'active' and the 'non-attended' language of early bilinguals
Authors: Martin, Clara
Dering, Benjamin
Thomas, Enlli
Thierry, Guillaume
Contact Email: b.r.dering@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Bilingualism
ERPs
Language
Semantics
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Martin C, Dering B, Thomas E & Thierry G (2009) Brain potentials reveal semantic priming in both the 'active' and the 'non-attended' language of early bilinguals, NeuroImage, 47 (1), pp. 326-333.
Abstract: A key question in the study of bilingual functioning is whether both the languages known are active at all times or whether one language can be selectively inactivated when bilingual individuals are tuned to the other language. Psycholinguistic and neuroscientific investigations have provided inconsistent data regarding the level of semantic activation of the two languages, even in the case of highly proficient bilinguals. In the present study, highly proficient, early Welsh/English bilinguals were presented with words in both their languages and were required to make word length decisions on words in one language while disregarding words in the other. Participants were not explicitly told about the organization of the word stream in pairs manipulating (a) semantic relatedness, (b) language of the prime and (c) language of the target in a fully counterbalanced two-by-two-by-two design. We observed significant semantic priming for both English and Welsh target words, irrespective of the active language, and independent of performance in the low-level letter counting task. We conclude that accessing the meaning of a written word is automatic in the two languages even when fluent bilingual adults are instructed to disregard words in one of their languages.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/11492
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.04.025
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Psychology
Bangor University
Bangor University

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