Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10837
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Human preference for masculinity differs according to context in faces, bodies, voices, and smell
Authors: Little, Anthony
Connely, Julieanne
Feinberg, David R
Jones, Benedict C
Roberts, S Craig
Contact Email: craig.roberts@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: attractiveness
cross-modal
mate-choice
relationship context
sexual dimorphism
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Little A, Connely J, Feinberg DR, Jones BC & Roberts SC (2011) Human preference for masculinity differs according to context in faces, bodies, voices, and smell, Behavioral Ecology, 22 (4), pp. 862-868.
Abstract: Sexual dimorphism is important in mate choice in many species and can be appraised via multiple traits in any one individual. Thus, one question that arises is whether sexual dimorphism in different traits influences preferences consistently. Here, we examined human preferences for masculinity/femininity in different types of stimuli. For face and body stimuli, images were manipulated to be more or less masculine using computer graphic techniques. Voice stimuli were made more or less masculine by manipulating pitch. For smell, we used variation among male aftershaves as a proxy for manipulating masculinity of real male smell and used relatively masculine/feminine odors. For women, we found that preferences for more masculine stimuli were greater for short-term than for long-term relationships across all stimuli types. Further analyses revealed consistency in preferences for masculinity across stimuli types, at least for short-term judgments, whereby women with preferences for masculinity in one domain also had preferences for masculinity in the other domains. For men, we found that preferences for more feminine stimuli were greater for short-term than for long-term judgments across face and voice stimuli, whereas the reverse was true for body stimuli. Further analyses revealed consistency in preferences for masculinity across stimuli types for long-term judgments, whereby men with preferences for femininity in one domain also had preferences for femininity in the other domains. These data suggest that masculinity/femininity as a trait may be assessed via different modalities and that masculinity/femininity in the different modalities might be representing a single underlying quality in individuals.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/10837
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arr061
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Psychology
University of Stirling
McMaster University
University of Aberdeen
Psychology

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