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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: An analysis of memory dysfunction in major depression
Authors: Ilsley, J E
Moffoot, Anthony P R
O'Carroll, Ronan
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Keywords: Neuropsychology
Hedonic bias
Issue Date: Oct-1995
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Ilsley JE, Moffoot APR & O'Carroll R (1995) An analysis of memory dysfunction in major depression, Journal of Affective Disorders, 35 (1-2), pp. 1-9.
Abstract: 15 patients suffering from DSM-III-R major depression were compared with 15 age-, sex-and intelligence-matched controls on a battery of memory tests, aimed at fractionating memory dysfunction in depression. Patients were unimpaired relative to controls on measures of short-term memory, recognition, semantic memory and implicit memory. There was no evidence of a hedonic bias in recall of positive vs. negatively valenced stimuli, nor was there any correlation between depression severity and level of memory impairment. Psychotic patients did not demonstrate greater memory impairment relative to nonpsychotic depressed patients. As a group, however, depressed patients demonstrated deficits in psychomotor speed and in free recall of material (both immediate and delayed). The selective recall deficit suggests that material has been encoded but that patients are particularly impaired with regard to search and retrieval processes.
Type: Journal Article
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Royal Edinburgh Hospital
Royal Edinburgh Hospital

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