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dc.contributor.authorSmith, Michaelaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDuda, Joanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Justineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHall, Howarden_UK
dc.description.abstractBackground: In response to a resurgence of interest in and demonstrated utility of the approach-avoidance goal distinction, a number of researchers (Elliot & Church, 1997; Midgley et al., 1998; Skaalvik, 1997) have developed instruments to assess individual differences in the tendency to adopt approach-avoidance goals. However, to date there has been no attempt to examine the psychometric properties or conceptual and measurement overlap of these instruments. Aims: (i) To determine whether three questionnaires designed to measure approach-avoidance goal orientations are assessing the same or different constructs, and (ii) to examine the psychometric properties of each of the approach-avoidance measures (i.e., internal consistency, convergent, discriminant, factorial, and construct validity). Sample: Participants in this study were 475 undergraduate students (N = 228 males; N = 244 females; three missing information) enrolled at two large universities in the United Kingdom. Method: Participants completed a questionnaire which included measures of approach-avoidance goal orientations, effort regulation, test anxiety, perceived ability, and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation. Results: Results revealed a degree of convergence between the three instruments. Each of the instruments demonstrated good psychometric properties although construct validity results were inconsistent across the measures. Conclusion: There is a need for future research to clarify the operational definition and subsequent measurement of the performance avoidance construct, and in particular, to examine the role that effort, impression management, and anxiety/fear of failure play in its conceptualisation.en_UK
dc.relationSmith M, Duda J, Allen J & Hall H (2002) Contemporary measures of approach and avoidance goal orientations: Similarities and differences. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 72 (2), pp. 155-190.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleContemporary measures of approach and avoidance goal orientations: Similarities and differencesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[smithdudaetal_bjep_2002.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleBritish Journal of Educational Psychologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationDe Montfort Universityen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorSmith, Michaela|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDuda, Joan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAllen, Justine|0000-0001-9918-9330en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHall, Howard|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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