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|Appears in Collections:||School of Sport Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status: ||Refereed|
|Title: ||The perceived belonging in sport scale: Examining validity|
|Author(s): ||Allen, Justine|
|Contact Email: ||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Keywords: ||Social motivation|
|Issue Date: ||Jul-2006|
|Citation: ||Allen J (2006) The perceived belonging in sport scale: Examining validity,
Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7 (4), pp. 387-405.|
|Abstract: ||Objectives - The purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity,
specifically factorial validity, convergent, and discriminant validity of the
perceived belonging in sport scale (PBS) (Allen, J.B. (2003). Social motivation
in youth sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(4), 551–567.).
Design - Opportunities to develop and maintain connections with others are
common in sport and frequently sought out by participants. However, little is
known about the role of perceptions of these social connections (belonging) in
sport. This is, in part, due to the lack of adequate measurement tools.
Therefore, this research used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the
psychometric properties of the PBS.
Methods - The participants were tertiary-level students (N=259) who completed a
questionnaire which included the perceived belonging in sport scale (PBS) and
measures of satisfaction with social outcomes, social cohesion, intrinsic,
extrinsic and amotivation. Confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson's correlations,
and Cronbach's alphas were employed to examine scale validity and reliability.
Results - Confirmatory factor analyses provided evidence to support the
construct validity, including gender invariance, of a modified version of the
PBS. Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity was demonstrated through
correlations with variables that were consistent with theoretical predictions.
Conclusions - The PBS adequately reflects the central features of belonging in
sport. The implications of the findings and the measure for future research are
|Type: ||Journal Article|
|DOI Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2005.09.004|
|Rights: ||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Affiliation: ||Sport - Academic|
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