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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/8913

Appears in Collections:School of Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The perceived belonging in sport scale: Examining validity
Author(s): Allen, Justine
Contact Email: justine.allen@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Social motivation
Perceived belonging
Relatedness
Measurement
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Allen J (2006) The perceived belonging in sport scale: Examining validity, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7 (4), pp. 387-405.
Abstract: Objectives - The purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity, specifically factorial validity, convergent, and discriminant validity of the perceived belonging in sport scale (PBS) (Allen, J.B. (2003). Social motivation in youth sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(4), 551–567.). Design - Opportunities to develop and maintain connections with others are common in sport and frequently sought out by participants. However, little is known about the role of perceptions of these social connections (belonging) in sport. This is, in part, due to the lack of adequate measurement tools. Therefore, this research used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the psychometric properties of the PBS. Methods - The participants were tertiary-level students (N=259) who completed a questionnaire which included the perceived belonging in sport scale (PBS) and measures of satisfaction with social outcomes, social cohesion, intrinsic, extrinsic and amotivation. Confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson's correlations, and Cronbach's alphas were employed to examine scale validity and reliability. Results - Confirmatory factor analyses provided evidence to support the construct validity, including gender invariance, of a modified version of the PBS. Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity was demonstrated through correlations with variables that were consistent with theoretical predictions. Conclusions - The PBS adequately reflects the central features of belonging in sport. The implications of the findings and the measure for future research are discussed.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/8913
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2005.09.004
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Sport - Academic

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