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dc.contributor.authorEvans, Josieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, Thomas Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorLeese, Grahamen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRuta, Danny Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMorris, Andrew Den_UK
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE - Utilization and costs of prescription drugs were investigated in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The study was carried out in Tayside, Scotland, U.K. A validated population-based diabetes register was used to identify patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and a database of all prescriptions dispensed in the community was used to investigate drug utilization in 1995. RESULTS - In a population of 406,526, there were 974 (0.2%) with type 1 diabetes and 6,869 (1.7%) with type 2 diabetes. The mean dispensed prescribing rates for all drugs (excluding antidiabetic medication) were higher across all age-groups for diabetic patients. After adjusting for age, patients with type 1 diabetes were 2.07 times (95% CI 2.03-2.11) more likely and patients with type 2 diabetes were 1.70 times (1.69-1.71) more likely to be dispensed a drug item than people without diabetes. This likelihood was increased in every drug category, even those not directly related to diabetes, and the proportion and cost of drug items dispensed to diabetic patients was therefore higher than expected given the prevalence of diabetes. Upon projecting these results to the U.K. population, it was discovered that nearly 8% of the U.K. drug budget (£350 million) is accounted for by patients with diabetes (90% of that by patients with type 2 diabetes). CONCLUSIONS - This study highlights the increased usage and cost of prescription drugs in diabetes, with type 2 diabetes constituting a particular burden. It was discovered that 1.4% of drug usage in the entire population can be accounted for by the increased prescribing rate of diabetic patients compared with that of nondiabetic patients.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Diabetes Associationen_UK
dc.relationEvans J, MacDonald TM, Leese G, Ruta DA & Morris AD (2000) Impact of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on patterns and costs of drug prescribing - A population-based study. Diabetes Care, 23 (6), pp. 770-774.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleImpact of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on patterns and costs of drug prescribing - A population-based studyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Evans_2000_Impact_of_Type_1_and_Type_2_Diabetes.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleDiabetes Careen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHealth Sciences Research - Stirling - LEGACYen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNinewells Hospital & Medical Schoolen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Dundeeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Dundeeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Dundeeen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorEvans, Josie|0000-0001-6672-7876en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacDonald, Thomas M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLeese, Graham|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRuta, Danny A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMorris, Andrew D|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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