|Appears in Collections:||History and Politics Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Voices from the past: early institutional experience of children with disabilities - the case of Scotland|
|Author(s):||Hutchison, Iain C|
Children with disabilities Scotland
Children Institutional care Scotland 19th century
|Citation:||Hutchison IC (2005) Voices from the past: early institutional experience of children with disabilities - the case of Scotland. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 8 (1), pp. 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1080/13638490410001727455|
|Abstract:||In Scotland, public interest in children with disabilities followed an uneven path. The proponents for such interest included workers in medicine, education and training, public administration, law and order, religion and moral rectitude, philanthropy and charity. Their foci of attention were similarly divers. Initial attention towards children with ‘disabilities’ was directed towards those with sensory impairments. This was followed by provision for children with mental disabilities. Until the introduction of compulsory education in 1872, philanthropists and charities were largely unaware of children with physical impairments. The Scottish experience was distinctive from the rest of the United Kingdom because of its own legal system, and was set against a background of heavy industrialization accompanied by poverty and bad housing. Legislation in such areas as poor law reform and education was not introduced simultaneously to that for England and Wales. The Church of Scotland maintained a strong influence in local government, through the network of clearly defined parishes, despite the secularization that was intent in such legislation as the Poor Law (Scotland) Act of 1843. The influence of Presbyterian clergymen and church elders committed to strongly held ideals of religious belief, respectability and self-help is often apparent in the institutions established for children with disabilities. The following research makes use of archival sources on institutions receiving, accommodating and caring for children with disabilities, supplemented by some contemporary narrative and oral testimony. While the archival sources show that the attention paid to children with disabilities did not develop simultaneously for categories of impairment broadly grouped as sensory, mental and physical, they also indicate that the responses to different forms of disablement followed diverse approaches and objectives.|
|Rights:||Published by Taylor & Francis|
|VOICES FROM THE PAST revised.pdf||Fulltext - Accepted Version||122.01 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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