Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Voices from the past: early institutional experience of children with disabilities - the case of Scotland
Author(s): Hutchison, Iain C
Contact Email:
Keywords: Children
Children with disabilities Scotland
Children Institutional care Scotland 19th century
Issue Date: Jan-2005
Date Deposited: 9-Feb-2009
Citation: Hutchison IC (2005) Voices from the past: early institutional experience of children with disabilities - the case of Scotland. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 8 (1), pp. 67-77.
Abstract: In Scotland, public interest in children with disabilities followed an uneven path. The proponents for such interest included workers in medicine, education and training, public administration, law and order, religion and moral rectitude, philanthropy and charity. Their foci of attention were similarly divers. Initial attention towards children with ‘disabilities’ was directed towards those with sensory impairments. This was followed by provision for children with mental disabilities. Until the introduction of compulsory education in 1872, philanthropists and charities were largely unaware of children with physical impairments. The Scottish experience was distinctive from the rest of the United Kingdom because of its own legal system, and was set against a background of heavy industrialization accompanied by poverty and bad housing. Legislation in such areas as poor law reform and education was not introduced simultaneously to that for England and Wales. The Church of Scotland maintained a strong influence in local government, through the network of clearly defined parishes, despite the secularization that was intent in such legislation as the Poor Law (Scotland) Act of 1843. The influence of Presbyterian clergymen and church elders committed to strongly held ideals of religious belief, respectability and self-help is often apparent in the institutions established for children with disabilities. The following research makes use of archival sources on institutions receiving, accommodating and caring for children with disabilities, supplemented by some contemporary narrative and oral testimony. While the archival sources show that the attention paid to children with disabilities did not develop simultaneously for categories of impairment broadly grouped as sensory, mental and physical, they also indicate that the responses to different forms of disablement followed diverse approaches and objectives.
DOI Link: 10.1080/13638490410001727455
Rights: Published by Taylor & Francis

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
VOICES FROM THE PAST revised.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version122.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.