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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The influence of athletic identity on cognitive appraisals and coping following underperforming among international track athletes
Other Titles: Vpliv športne identitete vrhunskih atletov na kognitivno ocenjevanje in soočanje z neuspešnostjo v športu
Author(s): McKay, Jane
Lavallee, David
Anderson, Ailsa G
White, Alison
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Keywords: athletic identity
elite sport
cognitive appraisals
case study
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: McKay J, Lavallee D, Anderson AG & White A (2006) The influence of athletic identity on cognitive appraisals and coping following underperforming among international track athletes, Kinesiologia Slovenica, 12 (1), pp. 48-62.
Abstract: Previous studies have demonstrated that strong and exclusive athletic identity is a risk factor for adjustment difficulties following major sport career transitions (e.g., Cecić Erpič, Wylleman, & Zupančič, 2004; Grove, Lavallee, & Gordon, 1997). However, research investigating the influence of athletic identity on adjustment to negative events that athletes encounter more routinely is scant. This study adopted a stress perspective (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) and qualitative method to examine the influence of athletic identity on athletes' appraisal and coping responses to underperforming. Three male and three female UK international track athletes provided accounts of their experiences of underperforming in semi-structured interviews. Athletic identity was established with the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993), in addition to qualitative data. Case studies were constructed and cross-case comparisons revealed that athletes with strong and exclusive athletic identity appraised underperforming as a threat to their self-identities, experienced intense emotional disturbance and implemented emotionfocused and avoidance coping. These findings suggest that the risks of over-identification with the athlete role are more widespread than is currently recognized and highlight the need for intervention programs that encourage athletes to invest in non-sport sources of identification.
Rights: Publisher allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Kinesiologia Slovenica by University of Ljubljana.

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