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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The PASS-Q: The Perceived Available Support in Sport Questionnaire
Author(s): Freeman, Paul
Coffee, Pete
Rees, Tim
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Keywords: burnout
confirmatory factor analysis
social support
sport psychology
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Date Deposited: 13-Jun-2012
Citation: Freeman P, Coffee P & Rees T (2011) The PASS-Q: The Perceived Available Support in Sport Questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33 (1), pp. 54-74.
Abstract: This article provides initial evidence for the construct validity of the Perceived Available Support in Sport Questionnaire (PASS-Q), which assesses emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible support. In Study 1, con analyses provided evidence for a four-dimension factor structure. Correlations supported hypothesized relationships between the PASS-Q dimensions and the Social Support Survey questions (Richman, Rosenfeld, & Hardy, 1993). In Study 2, the four-dimension factor structure was supported in an independent sample. Further, higher levels of perceived available emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible support were associated with higher levels of self-con levels of burnout. Researchers are encouraged to use the PASS-Q to examine the effects of perceived available support in sport contexts.!rmatory factor!dence and lower
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