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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Evaluating the progress of alcohol policies in Burundi against the WHO ‘best buy’ interventions: implications for public health.
Author(s): Haragirimana, Egide
Mitchell, Gemma
Uny, Isabelle
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Keywords: Alcohol policy
Implementation challenges
WHO Best buys
Issue Date: 30-May-2024
Date Deposited: 2-Jul-2024
Citation: Haragirimana E, Mitchell G & Uny I (2024) Evaluating the progress of alcohol policies in Burundi against the WHO ‘best buy’ interventions: implications for public health.. <i>International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research</i>, 12 (S1), p. S57–S70. SPECIAL ISSUE PART 1: ALCOHOL PREVENTION RESEARCH AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN LMICS.;
Abstract: Introduction: Alcohol use is a major global health risk, with Global South countries experiencing greater harm per litre of alcohol consumed than those in the Global North. In Burundi, a country with a low-income economy, 16.6% of people aged 15 and above binge drink, and over 30% of women drink during pregnancy. This paper examines current alcohol policies in Burundi, how well they match the WHO ‘best buy’ policy options, and stakeholder views on their implementation. Methods: We searched for policy documents via online searches, visits to government offices, and snowball sampling from contact with key stakeholders. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten stakeholders. The WHO-European Action Plan to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol (EAPA) tool was used to analyse the extent to which Burundi has adopted recommended policy standards. Interviews were thematically analysed using NVivo software. Results: Only nine of the 34 WHO-EAPA indicators are addressed, seven out of 34 indicators are mentioned with no clear actions, and 18 are not addressed in the eight policy documents that met our inclusion criteria. The large proportion of indicators absent from Burundi policy relate to availability, pricing and taxation, drinking-driving, taxation, and marketing. An absence of legislation to support existing policies, industry interference, corruption, and cultural norms around alcohol were identified as key barriers to implementation. Conclusions: Burundi should enact laws to support existing policies and design regulations targeting marketing and advertising. Government and civil society coalitions should report and address any alcohol industry influence in policymaking and implementation.
DOI Link: 10.7895/ijadr.467
Rights: Articles are licenced with a Creative Commons License Deed -- you are free to share articles but must give appropriate attribution, may not use for commercial purposes or distribute modified works. See CC/BY-NC/ND/4.0/.
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